Determination of the enthalpy

The reaction enthalpy is the enthalpy change of a sample during a chemical reaction. Reactions that release energy in the form of heat are called exothermic. Reactions in which energy must be supplied as endothermic.

Melt enthalpies are a simple example of endothermic processes, since one usually has to give heat work in a system in order to break up its solid crystal structure and convert it into a liquid phase with molecules that move freely relative to one another. An example of an exothermic reaction is a simple combustion process in which a substance reacts with oxygen to release energy.

Enthalpy determination with a calorimeter

If one measures a reaction on a calorimeter, one looks at the sample temperature comparatively with an ideally unreactive reference, which is in the same sample space and thus the same atmosphere. Both experience the same temperature environment. If the temperature of the sample to be measured rises or falls in comparison to the reference, a reaction takes place here.

Bestimmung Enthalpie mit Kalorimeter von Linseis

Sample holder of a calorimeter (Chip-DSC 10) on the upper side, reference measurement integrated on the underside of the sensor

Measuring instruments for determining the enthalpy

DTA PT 1600

  • High temperature DTA
  • Modular instrument design (sample robot, gas dosing systems, muliple furnaces on a turntable, etc.)
  • Qualitative analysis of endothermic and exothermic reactions
  • Temperature range: -150°C up to 1000/1600/1750/2400°C

Chip-DSC 10

  • The perfect DSC for Quality control and Education
  • Cost effective, space saving and highly innivative Chip DSC
  • -180 up to 600°C (LN2 Quench cooling)

Chip-DSC 100

  • Unique Chip Technology – The next step in DSC
  • Modular expandable design (Sample Robot, Cooling options etc.)
  • Temperature range -180 up to 600°C (Peltier cooling, Closed-loop Intracooler or LN2 cooling)

DSC PT 1000

  • State of the Art DSCwith user exchangable Metal Sensors
  • Temperature range -180 to 750°C

DSC PT 1600

  • Modular high temperature DSC
  • Determination of specific heat (Cp) and enthalpy from high temperature metals and ceramics
  • Temperature range -150 to 2400°C

STA PT 1000

  • (TGA) Thermogravimety and (DSC) Differential Scanning Calorimetry
  • True top loading TG-DSC heat flux sensors
  • Numerous user excheangable TG, TG-DSC and TG-DTA sensors for any kind of application
  • Temperature range: RT up to 1000°C

STA PT 1600

  • (TGA) Thermogravimety and (DSC) Differential Scanning Calorimetry
  • True top loading TG-DSC heat flux sensors
  • Numerous user excheangable TG, TG-DSC and TG-DTA sensors for any kind of application
  • Modular design: sample robot, turntable for up to two furnaces, vacuum tight design, different gas dosing systems, high pressure (up to 5 bar) option, vapor dosing system etc.
  • Temperature range: -150 up to 1600/1750/2000/2400°C


  • Magnetic Levitation Balance (MSB)
  • Separation of balance and reactor for most demanding applications
  • -196 up to 2400°C
  • From Vacuum to 150 bar
  • For corrosive and toxic gases

STA HP High Pressure

  • Worlds only pressure TG-DSC (STA)
  • Combined (TGA) Thermogravimetry – (DSC) Differential Scanning Calorimetry
  • Different Gas and Vapor Dosing accessories
  • RT up to 1000/1400/ 1600/ 1800°C
  • From Vacuum up to 150 bar