Thermomechanical Analysis Instruments

Thermomechanical Analyzer (TMA)

Thermo mechanical analysis (TMA) easily and rapidly measures sample displacement (growth, shrinkage, movement, etc.) as a function of temperature, time and applied force.

Traditionally, TMA is used to characterize linear expansion, glass transitions, and softening points of materials by applying a constant force to a specimen while varying temperature. For expansion measurements, a probe rests on a sample on a stage with minimal downward pressure. Other constant force experiments include measurement of penetration, bending, tension, shrinkage, swelling, and creep (sample motion measured as a function of time under an applied load).

The Concept

Sample Chamber: The easily accessible chamber is located in the center of the furnace. Both temperature and atmosphere can be controlled. In addition an optional mass flow controller is available for purge gas regulation. The gas tight cell can be evacuated and allows you to measure under a defined atmosphere. Only such a system can provide definitive information concerning the samples sensitivity to oxidation.

Furnace: The TMA Platinum Series comes with a robust and reliable furnace. Its customized design enables rapid heat up and cool down times and an excellent heating rate control over the entire temperature range.

TMA measurement principle

TMA PT 1000

  • High performace Thermomechanical Analysis (TMA)
  • highest resolution LVDT displacement sensor with a digital resolution of 0.125nm/digit
  • Adjustable force and frequency
  • Temperature range: -150 up to 1000°C or special version -260 up to +220°C


TMA PT 1600

  • Thermomechanical Analysis over a wide temperature range
  • Precise force and frequency control
  • Vacuum tight design
  • Temperature range: -150 up to 1400/1600°C


Cryo Option for Temperatures down to 10 K

LINSEIS L75 Cryo „Ultra Low Temperature“ series is available in vertical (Zero – Friction) mode of operation. It offers a broad temperature range (-263°C up to +220°C), many different sample holders, operation in vacuum or a controlled oxidizing or reducing atmosphere, while maintaining the highest accuracy and ease of use.

The expansion and temperature Sensor:

Every dimensional change of the sample is transmitted via the pushrod to the highly precise inductive transducer (LVDT sensor). Its precise and reliable response over the entire temperature range guarantees highest reproducibility of the TMA results. The temperature sensor is located right beside the sample leading to the high accuracy.

In Dynamic TMA (DTMA), a known sinusoidal stress and linear temperature ramp are applied to the sample, and the resulting sinusoidal strain is measured. This feature allows you to study the visco-elastic behavior of materials. In D-TMA the force exerted on the probe alternates automatically
by the given frequency.

All TMA devices operate in accordance with the following national and international standards (DIN 51 005, ASTM D 3386, ASTM E 831, ASTM D 696, ISO 11359 – Parts 1 to 3).




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Product Overview